Segmentation of Extreme Ultraviolet Solar Images using a Multispectral Data Fusion Process


Accurate means of quantifying the respective contributions of different structures to the solar irradiance is now a key issue in Solar Physics, with implications to Sun-Earth relationships and space weather study. In this paper, we propose a three-step fusion scheme, that allows to aggregate (17.1 nm, 19.5 nm) data stemming from the solar EIT instrument onboard the SoHO mission, and that is flexible enough to allow the integration of other type of information. The method is based on both a spatially constrained possibilistic clustering algorithm and a context dependent fusion operator. It aggregates the complementary and redundant information coming from the input sources. The results obtained on a 9-year dataset are consistent with those found in the solar physics literature. Unlike previous algorithms used in solar physics, our method has the ability to add further heterogeneous sources and sensors (e.g. human knowledge, images in other bandpasses, ratio of images) to the process, in order to postpone the decision step (here the segmentation of structures of interest) until sufficient information is available.

In Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Fuzzy Systems, London